Performance, Preparation, Usage, and Operation of Flash Column
Being a rapid way to separate the lighter components from the heavier ones in the complex mixtures of compounds, the flash column is a vassal smaller in scale and easy to use. The principles of the column chromatography are the same as in the TLC. When we run the flash columns, the compressed air will be pushed the solvent through the flash column. When can help you get a better separation, and save a lot of running time for your application?
Flash chromatography is performed with silica gel in the flash column, and in recent years, the reversed-phase packing is being used more commonly. To meet the need of different compounds, Hawach is always ready to provide you the empty flash columns which are also called solid load cartridges. Available in size from 4gram to 330gram, the Hawach flash column is made of medical-grade PP material with standard Luer lock connection fittings.
Perfect for the application of insoluble sample purification, Hawach flash columns can be reused between batches and can be compatible with all normal and reversed-phase solvents. the Hawach empty flash column also can be used for both acidic and basic compounds. The packing tool is available too.
Performance of Flash Column
Before the column is used, it is best to test the performance of the flash column and save the results as a reference for evaluating the change of column performance in the future. However, it should be noted that the flash column performance may vary according to the different conditions of the sample, mobile phase, column temperature, etc.
In addition, the column performance test is carried out according to the conditions in the chromatographic column factory report and the conditions used in the factory test are the best conditions, only in this way, the measured results are comparable.
Preparation of Flash Column
Flash column is often used to separate complex mixtures of compounds. In order to save time required to operate a flash column, and provides better separation, Hawach uses compressed air to push solvent through the flash column and adopts advanced technology to reduce the risk for operation.
It is significant to pick the appropriate size of flash columns because it can determine the separation performance. Once you have selected a flash column, you had better plug the stopcock end to avoid the silica drain out. This can be done with a small piece of cotton or a long glass rod.
Usage of Flash Column
Fill the column with eluent: when adding solvent to flash columns, the stopcock should be opened. The solvent should be adding by pipet until the solvent is above the column. Once the column is filled with eluent, adjust air pressure to quicken the flow rate and help to give good separation. If you want to decrease air pressure, you should monitor the column progress gradually. When the column is drying, it is better to start to combine fractions and make the air to push all remaining solvent out of the flash column.
Operation of Flash Column
1. sample pretreatment: a. it is ideal to use the mobile phase to dissolve the sample. b. use a pretreatment column to remove strong polarity in the sample or produce irreversible adsorption impurities with the column filler. c. use a 0.45µm filter membrane to remove particulate impurities.
2. Formulation of mobile phase: liquid chromatography is the separation of sample components by the mass exchange between column packing and mobile phase, so the mobile phase is required to have the following characteristics: flow has a certain solubility relative to the sample, ensuring that the sample components do not precipitate in the column (or remain in the column for a long time).